Scientists have sought to understand how marsh birds survive harmful hurricanes and natural disasters like Hurricane Zeta. Zeta is ravaging the Gulf Coast and Louisiana, and people know what to do. It is interesting how wildlife copes with natural disaster.
Coastal inhabitants have adaptive abilities that deal with such events. Is it different from what this year has spawned so many famous storms?
Wildlife ecologists wanted to know the answer. They are currently studying how swampy bird species such as Rallus crepitans or Clapper rails adapt to these storms on the Mississippi and Alabama coasts.
The importance of wetlands and swamps on the coast
Coastal wetlands are among the major wildlife habitats and ecosystems. These areas have birds, fish and crustaceans; they filter the water and protect the coasts. They contain many important organisms that play an important role in the life cycle.
Researchers focused on Gossip rails, which are thin birds with gray and brown feathers with short tails. They have long toes and legs to walk on the soft mud of the marshes, with long bills that can search their habitat for food. They are inhabitants of the Gulf and the Atlantic Coast.
They rely on coastal and swampy swamps where they hide under vegetation and eat fiddler crabs and other prey. They build their nests in high vegetation, hidden from predators. You can also set up your nests to protect them from over flow due to storms and particularly high tides. Embryos can survive underwater for hours.
Ride the storms
When tropical storms strike, various factors such as Storm Position, over flow, and wind speed influence their impact on birds. They usually mount these storms by moving to areas in the swamp that are higher.
During prolonged over flow, birds can swim or be transferred to another place. And while a storm next spring may cause clapper rails ‘ population to decrease, they can generally recover and recover their population in a year or two.
However, during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, many years gone until the rails returned to their previous population level.
Researchers now place radio beacons on the rails to determine their lifespan. It will help determine passed away and population declines that may be correlated with weather events.
Complicated by humans
Over the past century and a half, man has caused extreme disruption to ecosystems. The drainage of marshes, the creation of roads, the strengthening of coasts and the general modification of the natural environment in which birds live have strongly affected many species.
Birds such as clapper rails and various wild animals have adaptive properties against natural disasters. However, coastal development, huge storms and rising sea levels have made it increasingly difficult for them and their habitats to recover quickly.
According to Paul Ehrlich, a biologist, there comes a time when nature is losing too many key species needed for a stable ecosystem not to maintain the balance of the environment that everyone – including man-needs to live.
It is therefore important to preserve swampy birds and swamps and other environments in order to ensure a sustainable future and survive natural disasters such as hurricanes, including Hurricane.